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英语毕业论文摘要怎么写

时间:2012-02-22作者:来源:中国论文库
字号:T|T

  我国大部分高校都要求英语专业的学生撰写毕业论文摘要,其作用是对所写论文进行简要概述,包括研究论题、方法、意义以及由此得出的结论。通过问阅读摘要,读者可不必浏览全文便能把损论文的

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  我国大部分高校都要求英语专业的学生撰写毕业论文摘要,其作用是对所写论文进行简要概述,包括研究论题、方法、意义以及由此得出的结论。通过问阅读摘要,读者可不必浏览全文便能把损论文的主旨。内容决定形式.摘要简明扼要的特点决定其用词需要精练准确,紧扣论题。您不妨查看一下本站提供的:毕业论文摘要格式 ,毕业论文摘要范文 和论文摘要的写法范文 。
 

  英语毕业论文摘要和关键词

  一般来说,毕业论文摘要的字数要求在100一200个单词左右。尽管摘要的具体内容因所选专业和论题而异,但其各组成部分的撰写格式还是有一定的规律可循的。

  (1)主题句。

  摘要的第一句话往往开门见山,宜奔主题,提出研究目的和对象。常用句式如下。

  The purpose of this paper is...

  The primary goal of this research is...

  In this paper(article), we aim at...

  The chief aim of the present work is to...

  This paper discusses (studies, concerns, deals with)...

  This paper argues (demonstrates)...

  This paper explores (probes into, elaborates on, expounds) that...

  This paper makes a comparison of (an overview of , an analysis of )...

  (2)主体句。

  在概述了论题后接下来就要进一步以所涉及的研究方法、实验过程、调查或论证分析等具体内容来填充骨架。常用的句式如下。

  The method used in this is known as...

  The technique we have uses is referred to as...

  The procedure can be described as...

  The aPProach that have been adopted extensively is called...

  Detailed information has been acquired by the authors using...

  The theory is characterized by...

  The experiment, consisted of three steps, is described in...

  we have carried out several experiments to test the validity of...

  Recent experiments in this area have suggested that...

  Special mention is given here to...

  (3)结束句。

  从某种意义上说,摘要就相当于一篇微型论文,其结束句的功能也类似本论中的结论,需要阐明结果,说明应用,点明意义或引发反思。其常用句式如下。

  Ih conclusion, we state that...

  In summing up it may be stated that..

  Therefore, it can be concluded that...

  The results of the experiment indicate that...

  The invesigation carried out by... All our prcliminary results throw light on the natrure of...

  This fruitfulwork gives explanation of...

  These findings of the research have led the author to a conclusion that...

  如果说摘要是整篇论文的缩影,那么关镑词就是从中提炼出的精华,它们直指中心

  论题,是论文中出现频率最高的词汇,同时也是论文论述的焦点。关键词大多为名词

  形式,字数一般为4—6个,个数限制在2—10个,其问用逗号隔开,首字母不必大写。

  例如,

  Thts thesis anempts to look into the inner 5ystem of Humourous utterances, Based on the principles of cognitive-pragmatics, this paper brings some more examples ofhummours utterances into the scope of relevance theory to explore the theoretical expLanation for humourous unerance.

  Key woTds; relevance theory, humourous utterance

  从这篇摘要还可以看出关键词的提取离不开论文的标题,因为后者是全文主旨的高度沈缩.起着高屋建瓴的作用。

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