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计算机辅助处方专家咨询系统

时间:2012-01-01作者:来源:中国论文库
字号:T|T

  【摘要】 计算机辅助处方是现代医学的重要组成部分。在基层医疗机构中,使用计算机辅助医生能提高医务人员工作效率,减少病人待诊时间;降低医疗成本,减轻患者看病负担。本文根据基层医疗中的实

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  【摘要】 计算机辅助处方是现代医学的重要组成部分。在基层医疗机构中,使用计算机辅助医生能提高医务人员工作效率,减少病人待诊时间;降低医疗成本,减轻患者看病负担。本文根据基层医疗中的实际情况,对计算机辅助处方做了初步探索。针对社区医院、农村诊所的实际需要,设计了实用计算机辅助处方专家咨询系统,它包括智能词库、药品进销存管理、处方管理、考勤管理、权限管理、账目管理等功能;系统运行稳定可靠、功能丰富、操作方便,易学易用,数据安全。在深入研究专家系统理论、数据库技术和编程技术的基础上,结合医疗行业工作实际,分析整理了医疗机构的业务需求(包括权限管理、人员管理、药品管理、辅助处方及处方监测、账目管理等),完成了系统分析、系统概要设计、系统详细设计、程序架构设计、算法设计、编码与测试等。实际试用表明,计算机辅助处方专家咨询系统结构合理、辅助医疗有效,具有应用价值。

  【Abstract】 Computer aided the prescription is an important part of the modern medicine.In the basic-level medical institutions,using computer to assist the doctor can improve the medical personel working efficiency ,reduce patient stay diagnosis of time,reduce health-care costs,and ease patients a dotor burden.According to the actual situation basic-level medical ,the paper made a preliminary exploration of the computer aided the prescription.According to the actual need of Community Hospital and Rural clinics, the paper designed a practical computer aided prescription expert consultation system, which consists of intelligent thesaurus, drug purchase-sell-stock management, prescription management, attendance management, rights management, account management and so on. The system is stable and reliable, feature-rich, convenient operation, easy to learn and use, and data security is guaranteed. Based on in-depth research the expert system theory,database technology and programming technology, combined with practical work of the medical profession, the paper analysed and settled the business needs of medical institutions(Including rights management, personnel management, drug management, auxiliary prescription and prescription monitoring, account management, etc), completed system analysis, system outline design, system detailed design, program structure design, algorithm design ,coding and test ,etc. Actual trial showed that computer aided prescription expert consultation system had a reasonable structure, assisted medical effectively, and had the application value.

  【关键词】 专家咨询系统; 处方咨询; 处方监测; 计算机辅助处方系统;

  【Key words】 expert advice systems; prescription consulting; prescription monitoring; computer aided prescription system;

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